Primary Source Report – CN

The X-Files: Season 10 (comic book series), Vols. 6 & 7

Location: Available for purchase in print or e-book on Amazon, Kindle, or comiXology (an independent retailer)

The original X-Files television series aired for nine seasons, from 1993 to 2002.  This comic book installment, authorized and partially written by the creator of the show, Chris Carter, was created as a continuation of the original storyline.  These two volumes elaborate on the episode entitled “The Host,” providing more background and history surrounding the infamous Russian “flukeman” character and how/why the monster came to be.  The original 1993 episode took place in Newark, New Jersey; some questions that often occur are: Why was Newark chosen to ‘host’ a biohazard released by a Russian submarine?  Is this a satire on Newark as a quintessential, decaying urban slum?  Why were the inhabitants of this particular city targeted?  Reading the extended background and story of this plot will help the those interested in solving the mystery of these inquiries as well as debunk the writer’s allegorical intent of such distinctive drama.


Report on the Operations and Management of the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission by the Greater Newark Chamber of Commerce

Location: Special Collections & University Archives – Sinclair New Jersey Collection (TD525.N6G74 1983)

This is a 70-page pamphlet written in 1983 by the Greater Newark Chamber of Commerce, a community organization formed in 1924 to encourage and regulate growth and prosperity of business and industry in the city of Newark.  The 1980s were a turning point for the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission (the PVSC being the agency that operates the sewage system), for a second treatment facility was constructed in order to handle higher capacity and to improve quality of water and sewage treatment.  Since the additional facility was built in 1981, a report written approximately two years after the start of operation will provide detailed information on the actual quality and productivity of the second plant.[1]

[1] Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, “History – Development and Extent of the PVSC Organization” <https://www.nj.gov/pvsc/who/history&gt;


Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission Long Term Control Plan – Combined and Separated Sewer Systems Map

Location: Online source < https://www.nj.gov/dep/dwq/pdf/cso_sewermap_newark.pdf> < https://www.pvscsewers.com/maps>

These maps provide a look at what population of which specific towns/counties inhabit and would be affected by a biological threat if it were to be released in the Newark sewage system.  As part of the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission’s coverage area, residents immediately affected by a water-borne parasite would include large parts of Essex and Passaic Counties.  The icons represent currently active treatment facilities.